From the 8th to the 10th of June 2015 IRD and EII with financial support from EuroMarine are organizing the workshop “Building scenarios of future marine ecosystems under a global change context: moving forward”

This workshop aims at being a crucial event to provide needed guidelines and essential reflections on the current status and future needs of scenario building and visualization for marine ecosystems under a global change context.

The following topics will be discussed in the workshop:

• Current and foreseen needs for scenario building
• The scientific capacity required to address scenario building challenges
• Tool inventory, current initiatives and present shortcomings
• Potential collaboration and needed developments
• Establishment of a multidisciplinary scenario laboratory

Please contact me if you would like to receive further information!

Analysis of context-dependency issues related to the identification of keystone species in marine food webs

The concept of keystone species has been widely applied and discussed in the literature since its introduction. Keystone species are ecologically important species in marine food-webs, which have a disproportionately high trophic impact on their community, compared to their biomass. Thus, keystone species theoretically allow for the management of a single focal species with the aim of maintaining the whole ecosystem. In order to identify keystone species, indices measuring the potential of species to be keystone (or ‘keystoneness’, KS) have been proposed in the literature. Functional KS indices derived from Ecopath food-web models of marine ecosystems have recently been reviewed and a new index (KS3) has been proposed (Valls et al. 2015). Overall, cartilaginous fishes and toothed whales were the most frequently identified as potential keystone species. However, in some of the selected modeled ecosystems, no keystone species could be identified. Context-dependency may be the reason for discrepancies between ecosystems. The temporal and spatial scales considered may influence the identification of keystone species. Also, multiple effects of different biotic or abiotic factors may have an influence on species keystoneness. For instance, the KS3 index may be sensitive to natural or human-induced variability (e.g., different levels of fishing pressure), which can be estimated from existing ecosystem indices.

Reference: Valls, A., Coll, M., Christensen, V., 2015. Keystone species: toward an operational concept for marine biodiversity conservation. Ecological Monographs 85, 29-47.

o Implementation of the KS3 index in the Keystoneness Analysis plug-in of the Ecopath model and software
o Selection and application of relevant existing ecosystem indices for comparison with KS3
o Utilization of the EcoBase database to select a pool of Ecopath models relevant to the analysis and extract the required data
o Implementation of statistical analyses to explore context-dependency in keystone species identification using R and PRIMER
o Preparation of a scientific article to be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal in Ecology

o Master student available for a 6-months internship
o Basic notions and strong interest in ecosystem ecology and food-web theory applied to marine systems
o Basic notions in statistical analyses
o Programming skills in R for data handling and statistical analyses
o Background knowledge and computing skills in Ecopath with Ecosim and PRIMER Proficient in English

Supervision: Dr. Marta Coll (IRD, Sete, and Dr. Audrey Valls (CNRS, Moulis,

Starting date: as soon as possible Location: CRH, Sete, France with visits to Moulis.

Please contact us if you are interested!

A new comment in the journal Nature argues that conservation’s impact on the world is being hindered by the field’s lack of inclusiveness — particularly its failure to consistently include both the many different values people hold for nature, and the viewpoints of women and diverse ethnicities and cultures.

Read the comment at:!/menu/main/topColumns/topLeftColumn/pdf/515027a.pdf

See more at:

And to The Independent

The pdf of the study can be freely accessed from the journal

An Introduction to Ecosystem Modelling with Ecopath, Ecosim and Ecospace course will be held at the Institute of Marine Science (Barcelona, Spain) Monday, April 20, 2015 to Friday, April 24, 2015.

More information about the course can be found here:

This course is part of the new training program at ICM-CSIC, under training block “Marine Ecosystems and Conservation”.

Busy preparing the “Ecopath 30 years – Modelling ecosystem dynamics: beyond boundaries with EwE” conference and workshops will be held in Barcelona, Spain from 4 to 14 November 2014!

Check it out!

New course on “Qualitative Mathematical Modelling of Complex Systems”

ICM-CSIC and IRD organized a new course at the Institute of Marine Science (ICM-CSIC) in Barcelona, Spain, September 2014 during 4 days (22-23 and 25-26 September).

The course was about qualitative mathematical modelling and was taught by Dr. Jeffrey Dambacher from CSIRO (Australia).

It was a great success! thanks Jeff and all the students for the interesting week!